The Figgins family has already left an indelible mark on the Washington wine industry. Gary and Nancy Figgins founded Leonetti Cellar in 1977. The winery was the first in the Walla Walla Valley, which now is home to over one hundred wineries.

Leonetti, which has a thirty-plus year history of producing some of Washington’s finest wines, is also one of the few wineries in the state with a second generation Washington winemaker. Gary and Nancy’s son Chris Figgins began working at the winery in 1996. Figgins now holds the position of Chief Executive Officer and Director of Winemaking.

So after more than thirty years of winemaking and with a new generation at the helm, what will the family do for an encore?

The Figgins family announced today the formation of Figgins Family Wine Estates (FFWE). This will be an umbrella company for Leonetti Cellar and two new ventures – FIGGINS and the Lostine Cattle Company.

The first of these ventures is a new winery called, simply, FIGGINS. Leonetti Cellar has devoted itself largely to varietal wines from multiple vineyards. FIGGINS, by comparison, will focus on a single, Bordeaux-style blend that will come exclusively from one vineyard.

Chris Figgins says the inspiration to focus on a single vineyard came partly from finding the right site. The new vineyard, planted in 2004, is located near the family’s Mill Creek Upland vineyard. Figgins says, “When we saw this piece of land, we knew it was special.”

Figgins was also inspired by a trip to Bordeaux. While the New World has focused largely on producing varietal wines, in Bordeaux the focus is more on finding the balance of varieties in an area that “elevate the site to its full potential.” This will be the goal of the FIGGINS wines.

The new vineyard, which bears the name of the winery, is sixty acres, thirty-two of which have been planted to Cabernet, Merlot, and Petit Verdot. Figgins says he expects Petit Verdot to play a significant role in the blend, although percentages will vary each year based on vintage conditions. Figgins describes the Petit Verdot at this site as “incredibly dense, big, dark, brambly fruit with great tannins and acidity.”

Like the Leonetti Cellar Cabernet Sauvignon and Reserve, Figgins plans to hold the wine back a bit before release. The first release, the 2008 vintage, will be available in the fall of 2011. The winery plans to make approximately 900 cases initially and grow slowly over the next ten years (mailing list sign-up is open).

The second new venture under the FFWE umbrella is the Lostine Cattle Company. The company is named after the ranch site, which is located in the Wallowa Valley in Oregon’s northeast corner near the Lostine River. The valley is on the other side of the Blue Mountains from the Walla Walla Valley.

This is the Figgins’ first foray into food production. Chris Figgins says the goal is to provide a “whole table” experience of food and wine. Figgins says he has always had a long-term interest in the cattle business saying, “I don’t know why, but I have a romantic notion of it.”

While winemaking and beef production may seem dissimilar, Figgins believes this is far from the case saying, “I am constantly amazed at how winemaking parallels producing high quality, grass-fed beef.” Figgins cites the common importance of site selection and farming techniques.

Figgins describes Lostine Cattle Company as the, “antithesis of modern day beef production” (indeed he sites ‘The Omnivore’s Dilemma’ as part of the inspiration for the business). With Lostine, Figgins plans to take the same, sustainable practices championed by Leonetti Cellar and apply them to beef production.

For cattle, Lostine will use the Scottish Highland breed. The cattle will be free range, feeding on grass from an organically farmed pasture. Figgins is also experimenting with feeding the cattle pomace – the solid remains of grapes after pressing – each year during crush. Figgins says growing up, he would watch cattle “literally run” to eat the pomace shoveled behind the winery (I think many consumers would too). The beef will be sold direct to consumers starting in the fall of 2010 (read more about Lostine Cattle Company here).

While these announcements represent a significant expansion for the Figgins family, do not expect Leonetti Cellar to lose its focus. Indeed, the new releases of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, reviewed here, show the winery continuing to build on its long tradition of excellence. The 2007 Cabernet Sauvignon in particular is a wine for the ages. It stands among the best wines produced in Washington in the exceptional 2007 vintage. Figgins, however is equally excited about the 2008 Merlot, saying this grape is, “better in Washington State than any region outside of Pomerol.”

With the new releases, Chris Figgins continues to put his own imprint on the Leonetti wines. Figgins began to exert greater influence over the family’s winemaking around 2000 as he assumed responsibilities from his father. In particular, Figgins has emphasized making wines that are more “vineyard-driven instead of style-driven.” This has resulted in the use of less new oak to emphasize fruit aromatics and flavors as well as a number of other changes. These changes have also coincided with the winery’s transition to using exclusively estate fruit for its wines.

With the formation of Figgins Family Wine Estates and a series of new ventures, many people might be content. Figgins however looks to continue to push boundaries and explore new directions. In this way, he seems sure to not only broaden Leonetti’s imprint but also leave one that is distinctively his own.

Leonetti Cellar Cabernet Sauvignon Walla Walla Valley 2007 $85
Rating: ** (Exceptional) An outrageously enjoyable nose with toasty smoke and oak spices floating above earth aromas, licorice, and high-toned cherries. Rich but elegant on the palate with penetrating cherry fruit and a firm backbone of tannins. A seemingly endless finish. A beautiful expression of Walla Walla fruit in general and Leonetti estate vineyards in particular. Stands tall among the best wines produced in the exceptional 2007 vintage. Give three years to five years. 76% Cabernet Sauvignon, 17% Merlot, 4% Carmenère, and 3% Malbec. Loess, Mill Creek Upland, and Seven Hills vineyards. Aged 22 months in new and neutral French and American oak.

Leonetti Cellar Merlot Walla Walla Valley 2008 $70
Rating: * (Excellent) This is the first time Leonetti Cellar’s Merlot has been 100% variety since the 2000 vintage, a reflection of winemaker Chris Figgins’ confidence in the fruit from this vintage. A complex nose with silky oak aromas mixed with bittersweet chocolate, earth, black licorice, and red and black fruit. Tightly wound at present on the palate with abundant cherry fruit and lithe tannins. Give two to three years. 100% Merlot. Loess, Seven Hills, Pepper Bridge, and Mill Creek Upland vineyards. Aged 15 months in new and used French oak.

Pictures courtesy of Figgins Family Wine Estates